During the Civil War – over a span of 4 years there were somewhere around 620,000 casualties in this country due to fighting each other in the war. This is more than all the casualties in the Spanish-American War/WWI/WWII/Korea/Vietnam combined! Many times, especially in what would have been border states, there would literally be brothers fighting brothers; cousins fighting cousins; neighbors fighting neighbors and so on. We even had an example here in Minnesota having to do with the Battle of Gettysburg. Matthew and James Magner arrived in the United States in 1852 from Ireland. James had a long military career, he was in charge of Indian Affairs in Southern Minnesota and served at Fort Ridgely prior to the war. Matthew didn’t like the Minnesota Winters, or farming in Minnesota so he moved to the South and found work there, and ended up joining the 43rd Battalion of the Virginia Cavalry “Mosby’s Rangers” – only the best were allowed in this unit. James fought at Gettysburg and later, ended up dying in action at Spottsylvania in 1864. Matthew fought at Gettysburg as well, and ended up dying in Mississippi in 1866 from a war wound and from Yellow Fever. I believe that his body was sent back to Minnesota and might be buried in St. Peter.
I have dabbled in family ancestry for many years and now as I’ve been starting to learn more about the Civil War, I have searched out any relatives that may have fought in the war. Something very interesting has come to light. I quite possibly had relatives on both sides of the war…and not only North vs. South, but U.S. vs. Dakota. I haven’t locked this information down yet, but here is what the potential connections are: My paternal Great Grandma Ida’s mother had an uncle named Inyagmani, or “Chief Running Walker” who’s name is the first Dakota name on the Treaty of Traverse des Sioux that was a treaty that was signed in 1851 in which the Dakota ceded most of their land to the U.S. Government for cash and annuities…which didn’t come and that is another very important story, that I’ll probably blog about another time. The key thing here is that Inyanmani was involved in this treaty and was also involved in the U.S.-Dakota War 1862 and the attacks at New Ulm. I also found that there was a man named Lt. George W. Grammond who was one of 4 officers killed in the Fetterman Massacre near Fort Phil Kearney in Wyoming. Carrie and I actually visited this site on our honeymoon. Anyway, George Grammond was in the 2nd Batt 18th Infantry…he was fighting against the Lakota Sioux, Cheyenne, and Arapaho. He was fighting against warriors like Red Cloud and Crazy Horse in 1866. Before that he served in New York at Fort Columbus.
Other names that I have come up with are: Onesimie Grammont 1863 involved with Illinois Regiment; Charles Grammont – 12th Inf 1864-1867; Cleopas Grammont served 1864-1867; and along the lines of cousin vs. cousin…I found a guy named Filhiol Grammont Pvt Co. C. 2nd Louisiana Infantry. He was killed in action at the Battle of Chancellorsville. “Grammont” is a known version of Grammond…Grammond used to be Grammont or sometimes Gramont. I am looking forward to tying these loose ends together…for now, I believe that I had relatives on three sides of this war.
Check out my Civil War photos at http://jgrammondphotography.smugmug.com